Category: Vehicles

Casspir MK3 with M40 Anti-Tank 106mm Recoilless Rifle

The history of the Casspir Mine-Protected Vehicle (MPV) can be traced to the original MK1 MPV built from 1979 onward. By the late 1980’s the requirement for a heavy-duty MPV-platform resulted in the MK3 being designed and qualified. In keeping with its primary requirement the MK3 is field repairable after a TM-57 mine blast, and can handle a maximum blast of 18kg-20kg of TNT or RDX.

An alternative to conventional anti-tank vehicles, the mine-protected and wheeled Casspir MK3 is combined with a US-made Watervliet Arsenal M40 106mm anti-tank Recoilless Rifle. Besides for a troop compartment and a 7.62mm machine gun for self-protection, provision is made to carry 12 HEAT rounds at full capacity.

32 Units were manufactured for the South African Defence Force (SANDF).

Sources: Casspir MPVs / Wiki:Casspir

*Note: Current ownership of the Casspir range belongs to Denel Land Systems : Denel Mechem, although credit for the original Casspir design goes to CSIR – Applied Chemistry Unit that later became MECHEM.

Photo: S.A. Armed Forces Day 2016-Nelson Mandela Bay / By Andrew de la Harpe

Ivema Gila MRAP

Ivema was a subsidiary of the Ngwane Group, and the designer of this 4×4 MRAP.

Primarily built as an armoured troop carrier, the Gila has seen use throughout the African continent. It has a top speed of 105km/h and can withstand a blast of 14kg TNT or more under any of its wheels. It is field repairable.

Weapon mounts supported are:

  • 7.62mm, 12.7mm and 20mm.
  • LMGs
  • 40mm Grenade Launchers

Paramount Group Marauder APC

The Marauder is extremely flexible and can be configured as an equipped and armoured personnel carrier or – with the addition of appropriate weapon systems – an effective wheeled combat vehicle. It accommodates a crew of 2 in the front plus 8 fully equipped soldiers in the rear, and is available in a standard or stretched version, with various driveline and armour options.

The Marauder is independently proven to offer mine protection up to 8kg TNT anywhere under the hull and 14kg TNT for a blast under any wheel. Specially designed anti-blast seats prevent injury from the extreme acceleration of a side blast or mine blast under the hull. The cabin and crew compartment are also fitted with a double-skinned spaced armour hull to protect against kinetic attack. Additional armour can be added to protect against specific threats.

🇰🇿Kazakhstan licence-built Arlan APC

🇦🇿Azerbaijan Marauder APC

Force Protection, INC. Cougar APC

The Cougar is an MRAP and infantry mobility vehicle structured to be resistant to landmines and improvised munitions.

It is a family of armored vehicles produced by Force Protection Inc, which manufactures ballistic and mine-protected vehicles. The vehicles are integrated by Spartan MotorsThese vehicles are protected against small armsland mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) using a combination of design features and materials to protect both the crew and engine compartment against a wide range of attacks. A Monocoque type, V-shaped hull extends to the engine bay and serves to direct the blast away from under the vehicle. The dual air-conditioners help keep heavily dressed troops from overheating in temperatures over 100 °F (38 °C) in Iraq.

Force Protection, Inc. was formed in 2002 when Sonic Jet purchased Technical Solutions Group, using the name Sonic Jet until 2004. Technical Solutions Group had been a defense company in the US that was involved in a range of products, including mine-resistant vehicles based on South African designs. A few vehicles were sold to the US Army for evaluation, and a small fleet of heavily protected vehicles were sold to the British Army in 2001.

In 2004, the new Cougar was designed by a small British-led team in the US at Force Protection, Inc., in response to an urgent requirement by the US Marine Corps. This was a new design, developed in the US, based on an evolution of vehicle mine-protection technology used by the South African Army and Rhodesian Security Forces since the 1970s. The very first sketches of the new vehicle were made in late March 2004 in response to those initial USMC inquiries. The rapid development and production that followed was based upon the USMC request that the first vehicle be delivered within 6 months of an order – which was subsequently placed in mid-April 2004 for 27 units.

The new design was called Cougar to provide a degree of continuity with the older designs, but had little in common with them. The former vehicles were almost entirely non-compliant with NATO standards for protection, human factors and safety, which made those designs obsolete. The Cougar was effectively a totally new vehicle which incorporated the latest US-made enhancements, a new hull design and structure, as well as built-in growth potential, including dimensions that allowed for the addition of the latest armor and protection systems.

After leaving the factory, the first vehicle was only trialed by doing some circuits of the company campus and trundling over a few rocks and beams set up by the designer to provide a degree of shake-down testing as well as a demonstration course. Urgent operational requirements dictated that the first unit be shipped to theater as fast as possible and those involved in the project decided that the risk of doing so was outweighed by the advantages of having the vehicle available. The Cougar was fully trialed when it became part of the MRAP program.

The first Cougars were called HEV (hardened engineer vehicle), which became JERRV when the Army joined the program, and then MRAP for political reasons when the requirement for many thousands of units was issued.

Some 4,000 of these vehicles were fielded under the US military‘s MRAP (Mine Resistant Ambush Protected) and other vehicle programs. US Defense secretary Robert Gates demanded that the vehicles be ordered in larger numbers after the Marines reported in 2004 that no troops had died in more than 300 IED attacks on Cougars. Since then, Cougar vehicles have been hit by improvised explosive devices (IEDs) many times in Iraq with few fatalities. Britain chose the Cougar over the RG-31 Nyala for their “Mastiff” APV.

Official data states that the Cougar is able to withstand a blast of at least 14 kg TNT under a wheel and 7 kg TNT under a belly.

Photo: 🇺🇸US Cougar 6×6 APC / Wikicommons


🇺🇸US Cougar 4×4 APC

DCD Husky VMMD (Vehicle Mounted Mine Detector)

The Chubby System or Husky – a distinct versatile sensor platform which has been deployed around the world since the 1980’s. This highly sophisticated vehicle, which detects landmines and explosive devices, has evolved to adapt to new technology and demands. The Husky is the first South African armoured vehicle to be type classified by the US Government.

🇺🇸United States Husky:

Denel LCT 30

The GI-30 is a uniquely externally driven electro-mechanical cannon, utilising a drum cam to cycle the breech to the chamber rounds and extract spent cartridges, thus minimising gasses in the confines of a turret and facilitates controlled firing rate. It is designed to fire link-less 30 millimetre X 173 ammunition through a dual feeder.

As a single-shot weapon, it is also unique for its sniper mode of operation. It is fired from a closed breach position, which offers more accurate fire due to no movement taking place immediately before the round is fired. GI 30 is fully stabilised and has a computerised fire control system that enables targets to be engaged under day & night conditions with high first shot round hit probability even when the vehicle is moving.

Another unique feature of the GI-30 is that of next round selection. Having two feeders, with general ammunition on the right hand and specialist types on the other, the weapon allows the operator to select a specific round, without first firing off or ejecting an unwanted round.

🇲🇾Malaysian Deftech AV8 Gempita with LCT 30 turret:

🇫🇮Finnish Patria AMV / 🇿🇦SANDF Badger IFV with LCT 30 turret:

Integrated Convoy Protection REVA III APC

The REVA Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC) is a mine-protected vehicle. It is produced by Integrated Convoy Protection. The vehicle’s V-shaped hull offers protection against land mines and Improvised Explosive Devices (IED)s. The vehicle has space for at least 10 passengers. Ten firing ports are also available. Two light machine guns can be used and cover a 360-degree on roller bearing turret hatches.

Photo: 🇹🇭Thailand Reva III APC

🇾🇪Yemen REVA III

🇾🇪Yemen REVA III

BAE Systems Land Systems South Africa RG-32M MRAP

The RG-32 Scout is a family of mine-resistant 4×4 light armoured vehicles made by BAE Systems Land Systems South Africa(formerly Land Systems OMC) in South Africa. It is based on the RG-31, which is already deployed worldwide with peace-keeping, security and combat forces. The combat weight of the vehicle is about 7,300 kg and it has the capacity to carry a crew of 5 to 7. The vehicle crew is protected against 5.56×45mm NATO ball ammunitiongrenadesfirebombsanti-personnel mines and side blasts. The five-seat version also offers protection against anti-tank mines and side blasts. Up to two RG-32Ms can be transported in a C-130 cargo aircraft.

Main Photo: 🇸🇪Swedish Defence Force

🇮🇪Irish Defence Force RG-Outrider variant